The armed forces are embarking on an ambitious programme to cut the number of generals in its ranks by 25% by 2029.
At present, the number of generals across the 3 branches of the armed forces, as well as the Royal Thai Armed Forces (RTARF) and the Defence Ministry is estimated to be about 1,400. This figure has remained largely unchanged since about a decade ago.
According to the Defence Ministry, out of the total, 400 generals work in the Royal Thai Army (RTA), 250 in the Royal Thai Navy (RTN), 190 in the Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF), 250 in the RTARF and 300 in the Office of the Permanent Secretary of Defence.
To achieve the target, Maj Gen Teerapong Pattamasingh Na Ayuthaya, deputy spokesman of the RTARF, said the armed forces have agreed to start small by targeting a 5–10% cutback in the number of generals.
To do so, it was agreed that plans to set up new high-level units that require at least a two-star general in charge will be delayed, while redundant units will be disbanded.
Also, the military leaders agreed two weeks ago that the appointment of “experts, specialists and special experts” who usually hold the rank of general will be aggressively scaled down. When these senior officers retire, they will not be replaced.
When implemented, these measures will help reduce the number of generals across the forces by 5–10%, they said.
The proposed reduction of “experts, specialists and special experts” positions is instrumental to the military’s reform and downsizing, according to a source.
These positions, which do not have specific job descriptions, are seen as a mechanism to address problems arising from the allocation of key and commanding posts.
More often than not, they are consolation prizes for senior officers who missed out on key posts or those who are waiting for their promotions in the next reshuffle, according to the source.
Moreover, these “experts, specialists and special experts” positions come with allowances ranging between 20,000 and 30,000 baht per month, said the source.
The monthly allowances for “experts, specialists and special experts” positions were not granted until 2008 when the late Samak Sundaravej was the prime minister and defence minister.
At that time, Interior Minister Anupong Paojinda was the army commander.
Before Mr Sundaravej approved the position allowances, estimated at 800 million baht annually, only officials holding the positions of “advisers and senior advisers” received position allowances.
The source said it remains to be seen if the plan can be implemented and noted that the changes may not be reflected in the upcoming mid-year military reshuffle.
The proposed reshuffle, said to be a minor one involving 200 positions, was reviewed at the meeting of a seven-member panel chaired by Prime Minister and Defence Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha on 2nd March.
The list is being examined before it is forwarded for royal approval by 15th March.
Defence Ministry spokesman Kongcheep Tantravanich insisted the downsizing of the armed forces actually started when the cabinet approved the employment of civilians in the Defence Ministry in June last year.
Under the scheme, those recruited by the military to serve in certain fields such as medicine, law, accounting or administrative affairs are not given military ranks, he said.